Toynbee Hall, Whitechapel, was set up by Samuel and Henrietta Barnett in 1884 as part of their efforts for social reform. It housed university students and working men together to break down social barriers and for future leaders to be raised with poverty face to face. It was hoped these experiences would inspire these young men to reform once they had reached positions of power.
Notable residents of the Hall include one of the most significant Prime Ministers of the 20th Century, Clement Atlee, and architect of the welfare state William Beveridge.
These photos represent Henrietta and Samuel Barnett's time in Whitechapel where he was the vicar of St Jude's. Without their experiences of the harsh poverty in the area they may not have been inspired to create the Hampstead Garden Suburb to help alleviate such cramped and poor conditions.
These are a series of photos from the Archive Trust which display the area we all now know as Hampstead Garden Suburb, before it was ever built.
Samuel Barnett becomes a vicar of St Jude's Church and Vicarage in Whitechapel
Toynbee Hall was first built in Whitechapel by Samuel Barnett
Toynbee Hall opens, allowing Oxbridge graduates to come and live in the East End of London