Census 1911 - Reynolds Close description

Reynolds Close

What were the houses like?

  • There were 25 houses but at the time of the 1911 Census, four had yet to be occupied (numbers 2,5,14 and 24), whilst two others, (number 3 and 18) were occupied only by servants (in one case it is likely that the couple [Mr and Mrs Singer] were evading the Census as she had been imprisoned as a suffragette and he was sympathetic).
  • The homes are in groups, semi-detached pairs, one is detached.
  • Some variety in the number of rooms, but these are large properties compared with many Suburb homes, especially in the Artisan’s Quarter.
  • The average number of rooms per property is 9.2 (very similar to the adjacent Heath Close at 9.4).
  • Two properties with 8 rooms, four with 10 rooms and only one (the only detached house?) with 11 rooms

Who lived there?
  • There were 107 people in the 21 occupied houses
  • There were 36 males and 71 females.
  • Marked gender imbalance, with females dominating in a ratio of 2:1. This was similar to Heath Close (63%) and due to presence of female servants ‘living in’.
  • 95% of the occupied houses have at least one servant. The average number is 1.76, with most homes having two servants and two having three servants.
  • Many homes had a Cook and a more general servant, whilst those with young children frequently had a nurse.
  • One home had a male servant employed as a butler.
 Number of servants
  • 60 per cent of the households were families with children under 16.
  • There were 12 children under 16 years of age (24.5% of total population).
  • Average family size was 1.5 children.
  • Families of one and two children were equally common (40% each), whilst there was one family with three children under 16
  • There were at least two families with adult children still at home
  • 4 of the 21 occupied houses were headed by women (just under 20%). In the most cases, they were widows of ‘private means’. One described herself as a suffragist.
  • The single female head of household worked as a ‘Swedish remedial gymnast and midwife’
  • The number of widows and widowers resulted in a lower proportion of married heads of household at 73.7%.
  • The average length of marriage was 8.1 years
  • The age structure of the residents differed from the national population as heads of household were young or middle aged.
  • Little evidence of the existence of the extended family.
  • Almost 10% of those resident on census night were visitors, which is higher than in most roads.
  • There was only one person over 65 (who was not a householder, but a boarder).
  • The most unusual household was headed by Vincent Hargrave, a Commercial Traveller. As well as his (older) wife and 2 step sons, there were 2 female boarders & a general servant.
  • The average age of the residents was 26.8 years reflecting the newness of the Suburb.

Where were residents born?
  • The largest percentageof residents were born in London.
  • At 37% this was much lower than the average road in HGS at the time of the 1911 Census
  • Almost as many (36.1%) were born elsewhere in England,
            10.2% were born in the Home Counties,
              6.5% in Scotland,
              1.9% in Wales
              0.9. % in Ireland
              6.5% were born abroad.
  • Those born in London were frequently the children and a good proportion of the servants.
  • Heads of household and other adults were more likely to have been born outside London. This reflects the greater propensity of the educated and higher socio-economic groups to migrate longer distances and the ‘pull’ effect of London as a destination for migrants.

What did residents do?
  • 54% of the residents were in employment (but 64% of these were live in servants)
  • Only 1/5 of the residents worked outside the home
  • Heads of household were largely professional/managerial males in high status roles e.g. physician/surgeon, shipbroker, managing director, Director of the Census of Production.
  • Two were self-employed as artist/painters.
  • Two surprising exceptions were the commercial traveller and a ‘Salesman (Meat)’ who seem a little ‘out of place’ in this road!
  • One female head of household was in employment as a Swedish remedial gymnast and midwife, but the other female heads were widows of ‘private means’.
  • A few single women worked outside the home e.g. in teaching and a ‘lady gardener’.

Census 1911 - Reynolds Close description
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